Tutorials

Common Hash issue

Did you get ‘RuntimeError: can't add a new key into hash during iteration‘ error?

In this post we will check together a common pattern and how to solve it easily.

The error message is self descriptive, we can’t update a hash during iteration and it can be reproduced with the following snippet:

So here is a quick question, what will be the output of entry variable after executing track(entry)

Surprise, the original hash was modified, and we can confirm that we are using the same object by printing the object id.

So what are our options in this case?

We can simply use a copy of the hash instead of modifying the original one. If this snippet is used in a Rails project we can take advantage of ActiveSupport library by using deep_dup method.

And if I’m not using ActiveSupport? No worries there is another option also which is Marshalling:

It’s better to wrap in a utility like this:

A quick note, as you will see in the example below, I’m creating a duplicate just before updating the hash. The reason for this is to make it easier for us to understand that we are updating a copy and not the original hash.

Hmmm and what if I pass a copy to the method? In theory, it’s a good suggestion but keep in mind that your application will be harder to understand as you will be always be asking: “Am I passing a copy or the original Hash here? :D”

That’s it, so have fun and keep coding 🙂

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